The phrase leičiai is used within the 14–sixteenth century historical sources as an ethnonym for Lithuanians (but not Samogitians) and remains to be used, often poetically or in historic contexts, within the Latvian language, which is intently related to Lithuanian. Lithuania is among the three European Baltic States and also a brand new addition to the Eurozone.
The fDI of the Financial Times in their analysis Cities and Regions of the Future 2018/19 ranked Vilnius fourth in the mid-sized European cities class and Vilnius county was ranked tenth in the small European regions category. Long-term challenge (2005–2013) – Development of Rural Areas Broadband Network (RAIN) was started with the objective to offer residents, state and municipal authorities and companies with fibre-optic broadband access in rural areas. RAIN infrastructure allows fifty one communications operators to supply network companies to their clients. The venture was funded by the European Union and the Lithuanian authorities.
During the Interwar interval humanitarian and social scientists emerged such as Vosylius Sezemanas, Levas Karsavinas, Mykolas Römeris. Due to the World Wars, Lithuanian science and scientists suffered closely from the occupants, nonetheless some of them reached a world-class achievements of their lifetime.
A similar format, NB6, unites Nordic and Baltic members of EU. NB6’s focus is to debate and agree on positions earlier than presenting them to the Council of the European Union and at the meetings of EU international affairs ministers.
However, the eastern components of Lithuania, including the Vilnius Region, were annexed by Poland, whereas the Klaipėda Region was taken over by Nazi Germany in 1939. In 1940, Lithuania was invaded and occupied by the Soviet Union, and compelled to affix it as the Lithuanian SSR. The Germans and their allies attacked the USSR in June 1941, and from 1941—1944, Lithuania was occupied by Germany. The Germans retreated in 1944, and Lithuania fell underneath Soviet rule once again.
Some indigenous Lithuanians still stay in Belarus and the Kaliningrad Oblast, but their quantity is small compared to what they used to be. Lithuania regained its independence in 1990, and was acknowledged by most countries in 1991. Andrei Ozharovsky, Maria Kaminskaya and Charles Digges (12 January 2010). “Lithuania shuts down Soviet-period lithuanian women NPP, but being a nuclear-free nation remains to be under question”. “Lithuania is ready to implement transport investment venture of a strategic significance – Ministry of Transport and Communications”.
Among the Baltic states, Lithuania has probably the most homogeneous population. Over the centuries, and particularly underneath the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, a few of these tribes consolidated into the Lithuanian nation, primarily as a defence in opposition to the marauding Teutonic Order and Eastern Slavs. The last Pagan peoples in Europe, they have been finally converted to Christianity in 1387. Lithuania final night turned the primary republic to break away from the Soviet Union, by proclaiming the restoration of its pre-war independence.
In a number of invasions in the course of the Time of Troubles, Commonwealth troops entered Russia and managed to take Moscow and maintain it from 27 September 1610 to 4 November 1612, once they have been driven out after a siege. The truce was extended for twenty years in 1600, when a diplomatic mission to Moscow led by Lew Sapieha concluded negotiations with Tsar Boris Godunov. The truce was broken when the Poles invaded Muscovy in 1605.
They are appointed by the President, the Chairman of the Seimas, and the Chairman of the Supreme Court, each of whom appoint three judges. The unicameral Lithuanian parliament, the Seimas, has 141 members who are elected to 4-year phrases. 71 of the members of its members are elected in single-member constituencies, and the others in a nationwide vote by proportional representation. A get together must obtain at least 5% of the national vote to be eligible for any of the 70 nationwide seats within the Seimas. Prime MinisterThe Lithuanian head of state is the president, immediately elected for a 5-year term and serving a maximum of two terms.
Hot air ballooning could be very popular in Lithuania, particularly in Vilnius and Trakai. Bicycle tourism is growing, especially in Lithuanian Seaside Cycle Route. Total size of bicycle tracks amounts to 3769 km (of which 1988 km is asphalt pavement).
For centuries a small Tatar group has flourished in Lithuania. The Lithuanian population seems to be relatively homogeneous, without obvious genetic variations among ethnic subgroups. Gas Interconnection Poland–Lithuania (GIPL), also known as Lithuania–Poland pipeline, is a proposed natural fuel pipeline interconnection between Lithuania and Poland that is anticipated to be finished by 2019. In 2018 synchronising the Baltic States’ electrical energy grid with the Synchronous grid of Continental Europe has started. In order to interrupt down Gazprom’s monopoly in natural gasoline market of Lithuania, first massive scale LNG import terminal (Klaipėda LNG FSRU) within the Baltic area was built in port of Klaipėda in 2014.
They represent sizeable minorities in Vilnius (12%) and Klaipėda (19.6%), and a majority in the town of Visaginas (fifty two%). About three,000 Roma stay in Lithuania, largely in Vilnius, Kaunas and Panevėžys; their organizations are supported by the National Minority and Emigration Department.
After the decommissioning of the Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant, Lithuania turned from electricity exporter to electrical energy importer. Unit No. 1 was closed in December 2004, as a situation of Lithuania’s entry into the European Union; Unit No. 2 was closed down on 31 December 2009. Proposals have been made to construct a new – Visaginas Nuclear Power Plant in Lithuania.
Forests occupy one third of the country’s territory and timber-related industrial production accounts for nearly 11% industrial production in the country. Lithuania has five nationwide parks, 30 regional parks, 402 nature reserves, 668 state-protected pure heritage objects. Lithuania experienced a drought in 2002, causing forest and peat lavatory fires.
It was designated in 1992 to embrace the historic city of Trakai, some 25 kilometers (15.5 miles) west of Vilnius, and the forests, lakes, and villages in its environs. The average Lithuanian woman is 166.61cm (5 ft 5.sixty nine inches) tall.