آخرین بروز رسانی : ۱۳ اسفند ۱۳۹۸

Islam in Bosnia and Herzegovina

۱۴ بهمن ۱۳۹۸


Most of the Bosniaks that have been members of the HOS joined the Muslim Armed Forces (MOS). On 3 July 1992, the Croatian Community of Herzeg-Bosnia was formally declared, in an amendment to the unique choice from November 1991. It claimed energy over its personal police, military, foreign money, and education and included a number of districts the place Bosniaks had been the majority. It solely allowed a Croat flag for use, the only foreign money allowed was the Croatian dinar, its official language was Croatian, and a Croat faculty curriculum was enacted. Mostar, a city the place Bosniaks constituted a slight majority, was set because the capital.

In the beginning of the warfare they fought towards the Serb forces together with the HVO and ARBiH. Relations between the HVO and HOS eventually worsened, ensuing within the killing of HOS Commander Blaž Kraljević and the disarmament of the HOS. On 23 August 1992 HVO and HOS leaders in Herzegovina agreed to include the HOS into the HVO. The remaining HOS forces were later acknowledged by the Sarajevo government as part of the ARBiH.

Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Tuđman was unofficially the head of the Croat delegation as Boban required his approval before performing. On 2 January, Bosnian Croat authorities agreed to the plan in its entirety. On 15 January the HVO declared that it will implement the plan unilaterally even without the signature of Bosniak authorities. On the same day, Prlić ordered ARBiH items in provinces designated as Croat underneath the plan to subordinate themselves to HVO, and HVO units in Bosniak designated provinces to subordinate to the ARBiH.

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Other local periodicals embrace the Croatian newspaper Hrvatska riječ and the Bosnian journal Start, as well as the weekly newspapers Slobodna Bosna (Free Bosnia) and BH Dani (BH Days). The worldwide news station Al Jazeera maintains a sister channel that caters to the Balkan area, Al Jazeera Balkans, broadcasting out of and primarily based in Sarajevo. Since 2014, the N1 platform began bosnian girls broadcasting as an affiliate of CNN International and has headquarters in Sarajevo, Zagreb, and Belgrade. The Chair of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina rotates amongst three members (Bosniak, Serb, Croat), each elected as the Chair for an eight-month term inside their four-yr term as a member.

At one other presidential assembly on 17 September, Tuđman outlined Croatia’s place about organizing BiH into three constituent items, but mentioned that if BiH didn’t bear in mind Croatian pursuits, he would assist Herzeg-Bosnia’s secession. In late September, Izetbegović and Tuđman met once more and tried to create military coordination towards the VRS, but to no avail. By October, the settlement had collapsed and afterwards Croatia diverted supply of weaponry to Bosnia and Herzegovina by seizing a significant quantity for itself.

There was no fastened frontline from Vrdi to Mostar and forces from either side battled on the hills. In Mostar, there were clashes within the suburbs of town and mutual artillery shelling until a ceasefire was agreed on 3 October. On 18 September another ARBiH assault began in the Vitez space to be able to break up the Croat enclave into two elements. Combat renewed in other areas as properly, in Gornji Vakuf, Travnik, Fojnica and Mostar.

On 19 November 1994, the North Atlantic Council accredited the extension of Close Air Support to Croatia for the safety of UN forces in that country. NATO aircraft attacked the Udbina airfield in Serb-held Croatia on 21 November, in response to assaults launched from that airfield towards targets within the Bihac space of Bosnia and Herzegovina. On 23 November, after attacks launched from a floor-to-air missile site south of Otoka (north-west Bosnia and Herzegovina) on two NATO plane, air strikes have been carried out against air defence radars in that area. The compelled deportations of Bosniaks from Serb-held territories and the resulting refugee crisis continued to escalate.

Actions of one side have been compared to those of the Serbs in the earlier phases of the warfare. The Sarajevo authorities had a propaganda campaign to label their rivals as warfare criminals and themselves because the harmless victims. In June 1993, Sarajevo’s Deputy Minister of data said that 200,000 folks have been killed by then in the middle of the war, virtually all of them Muslims, which was unquestionably accepted and propagated by the federal government.

War crimes prosecutions

On 5 and 6 June the final JNA personnel left the town during heavy road combating and shelling. The 20 June cease-fireplace, executed to ensure that UN takeover of the Sarajevo airport for humanitarian flights, was broken as both sides battled for management of the territory between town and airport. The airport disaster led to Boutros-Ghali’s ultimatum on 26 June, that the Serbs cease assaults on the town, allow the UN to take management of the airport, and place their heavy weapons beneath UN supervision. Meanwhile, media reported that Bush thought of using drive in Bosnia. World public opinion was ‘decisively and permanently against the Serbs’ following media reviews on the sniping and shelling of Sarajevo.

There can also be a small Sufi neighborhood, situated primarily in Central Bosnia. Almost all Muslim congregations in Bosnia and Herzegovina refer to the Islamic Community of Bosnia and Herzegovina as their religious organisation. The Emperor’s Mosque, the oldest mosque constructed within the Ottoman era in Sarajevo, the capital and largest metropolis of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Mass rape was used as a navy device—predominantly in opposition to Bosnian Muslims—alongside compelled impregnations of women and different brutal forms of sexual violence. The influx of Western men on the lookout for their perfect Bosnian wife continues to grow despite the long distances and potential language barrier.

In the first week of June, the ARBiH attacked the HVO headquarters within the town of Travnik and HVO items positioned on the front strains against the VRS. After three days of street fighting the outnumbered HVO forces have been defeated, with thousands of Croat civilians and soldiers fleeing to close by Serb-held territory as they had been reduce off from HVO held positions. The ARBiH offensive continued east of Travnik to safe the road to Zenica, which was achieved by 14 June. On 8 June, 24 Croat civilians and POWs have been killed by the mujahideen near the village of Bikoši. The mujahideen moved into deserted Croat villages within the space following the end of the offensive.

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راهنمایی مشاوره مدیریت ، اخذ گواهینامه ایزو و مشاوره تعالی سازمانی